Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 keywords and phrases. Not only that, Chinese is one more tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and whenever unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available using furniture that is PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or genuine. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Lastly tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds with assorted meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a mother nature herself. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, could be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation simply can’t be related, the concept of the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds with regard to u with an umlaut () that sounds like a program of I and u. Like all things unfamiliar, it will result in uncertainty and fearfulness. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the most important step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language becoming successful.
The Strategies Once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a hunt amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Far east learners and uncovered interesting results that may help future learners in forming a highly effective study plan. Her study revolves concerning the most frequently employed Chinese character learning strategies and how to say hi in chinese those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese characters.
The study finds that among greatest twenty most frequently used strategies, eight of these are related to when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the smoothness is implemented in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the letter.
7. Listening to the explanation of the type.
8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.
The next six strategies are often increase learners’ understanding from the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the character been recently used previously.
12. Discovering this how very good used in conversation.
13. Using the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the smoothness could be taken in lines.
However, learning strategies tossing the second diminish beyond those two learning portions. There are only three strategies used in memorising newly learned nature herself.
15. Saying and writing the character at one time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in consideration.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And tend to be : only one strategy discovered practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are only to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the actual characters. The 4 strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the type repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from anything they hear, and 30% from what they see. When learning modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials they are learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students the materials considerable learning as they quite do something. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, develop a connection is not characters become worse them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study signifies that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way to practice this can be using an app since The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters created from chapters. Simply does it show stroke order animation, it furthermore accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app a great dea of more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning process to incorporate is observing any characters are used in framework. This can be done by observing real-life conversations to assist the textbook and audio tracks conversation. The time interesting to note that trainees studied the particular abovementioned research were not wanting to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many causes this. The design and style of the shows or songs usually will not appeal to the learners.
Regarding this program is quite a bit less convenient. Also if the shows might accessed online, rarely are they subtitled in a choice of both Chinese and English which will make the shows more helpful to beginner learners in acquiring the language. Also, most of the very popular Chinese Tv fall in the historical genre, which is often a favourite among the Chinese, with regard to The Empress of China. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a bit more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.